From the first “Big Bang” and afterwards, the enormous atomic explosion that hurls atoms, light photons and clumps into space and the empty universe may eventually formulate into DNA and life. How many times has this happened? (see "CURVATURE OF LIGHT - Free Particles," Page 16). When measured mathematically, the arc of the travel of light, the photons and atoms combined with their speeds, scientists can determine the time they will need to complete their curvilinear journeys. By calculating both the time used by the actual “Big Bang” and the time employed by light and atoms to complete their circles since the previous “Big Bang”, the mystery as to just when the next “Big Bang” may be resolved. Further, by concluding the age of strings and quarks, time used by the actual “Big Bang” and their frequency intervals are known, not only could the initial time of the “universal conception” be found but the number of “Big Bangs” since then could be realized as well.
Some of the information from the previous statement (age of strings and quarks, and frequency interval of “Big Bangs”) seems so far removed from today’s cosmological science, but we are at the infancy stage of that endeavor. Scientists are progressing cautiously, deliberately and optimistically. Because of the extreme cost of research, complicated technology issues and importance of positive results scientists can only go forward as conditions permit.
In the distant future, studies of our struggles with that primitive scientific research will be in the historical archives of our past.